Glossary

GLOSSARY OF RACING TERMINOLOGY

Age

– all race horses in the northern hemisphere arbitrarily celebrate their birthday on January 1st.

Backstretch

– the straightway of the track away from the grandstand.

Colour of horses

– colour designations in horses: Bay – brownish body coat with black points; Black – black with no brown or tan patches; Dark bay or brown – brown coat with areas of tan; Chestnut – a reddish brown colour varying from a dark liver colour to copper-gold, Gray or roan – a combination of white hairs with any one or several of the above-noted colours.

Colours

– the shirt or “silks” worn by the jockeys. Each distinctive design represents a different owner or stable.

Colt

– a male horse, four years old or younger.

Derby

– stakes race for three year olds.

Distaff

– a race for female horses.

Eachway

– a bet made on one horse to win and place.

Fast

– the preferred rating for the racing surface; at its best, it is dry, firm and even.

Filly

– a female horse, four years old or younger.

Furlong

– a distance measuring one-eight of a mile or 200 metres.

Gelding

– a male horse of any age that has had both testicles removed.

Good

– a track surface that is still drying out, but is almost “fast”.

Horse

– in racing, a horse is narrowly defined as any male horse five years or older with genitalia intact.

Inquiry or objection

– is a claim of foul lodged by a racing official, jockey, trainer or owner.

Juvenile

– two-year-old horse.

Length

– measure of distance based on average length of a horse.

Mare

– a female horse, five-years or older.

Maiden

– a horse which has not won a race.

Pari-mutuels

– a betting system whereby bettors collect on the total money wagered after deduction of the house percentage.

Ridgling or rig

– a male horse of any age with either one or two undescended testicles.

Scratched

– a horse that has been withdrawn from a race.

Sprint

– in thoroughbred racing, any distance one mile or less.

ABBREVIATIONS

TRACK CONDITIONS

  • F FAST
  • GF GOOD TO FIRM
  • G GOOD
  • GE GOOD TO EASY
  • GS GOOD TO SOFT
  • S SOFT
  • VS VERY SOFT
  •    

CLASS OF RACE

  • CARIB CARIBBEAN BRED
  • INVIT INVITATIONAL
  • LR AND LOWER
  • M MAIDEN
  • NOM NOMINATED
  • WNRS WINNERS
  • Y YEAR OLD RACE
  • A CLASS
  • 1 SUB-CLASS

Horses are classified or rated 0-140 with 140 being the highest rating.

POSITION AT FINISH

  • BO BOLTED
  • DNF DID NOT FINISH
  • DQ DISQUALIFIED
  • F FELL
  • L LEFT AT START
  • NP NOT PLACED
  • R REFUSED TO START
  • P PENALISED
  • U UPGRADED
  • WD WITHDRAWN

EQUIPMENT

  • B BLINKER
  • V VISOR
  • H HOOD
  • L BLINKERED HOOD
  • LEC LEFT EYE COVER
  • ND NASAL DILATOR
  • T TONGUE TIE
  • P CHEEK PIECES
  • C CORNELL COLLAR

DISTANCES WON/LOSS

  • DH DEAD HEAT
  • NS NOSE
  • S/HD SHORT HEAD
  • HD HEAD
  • NK NECK
  • NR NOT RECORDED
  • + 10 LENGTHS OR MORE BEHIND
  • 1/4, 1/2, 3/4 PARTS OF LENGTHS
  •    

APPRENTICE ALLOWANCES

  • * 7 LB CLAIMER
  • @ 5 LB CLAIMER
  • # 3 LB CLAIMER

COLOUR OF HORSE

  • B BAY
  • BR BROWN
  • CH CHESNUT
  • GR GREY
  • RO ROAN

SEX OF HORSE

  • C COLT
  • F FILLY
  • G GELDING
  • H HORSE
  • M MARE

COUNTRY OF ORIGIN

  • CAN CANADA
  • FR FRANCE
  • GB GREAT BRITIAN
  • GER GERMANY
  • IRE IRELAND
  • JAM JAMAICA
  • MAR MARTINIQUE
  • TRI TRINIDAD & TOBAGO
  • USA UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
  • BDS BARBADOS